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Orthopaedic Surgeons: All Things You Need to Know

Consulting the right doctor ensures that your issue is dealt with correctly. Hence if you have ever or are experiencing bone, joint or muscle pain, you should meet a medical professional that specialises in orthopaedics. Six Sigma Clinics, located in Nirvana Country, Gurgaon, is home to one such orthopaedist who stands out among the best in the region.

Orthopaedics is a medical speciality that deals with the care of the musculoskeletal system, which encompasses various interconnected components. These components include bones, muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments, and nerves.

Who Is an Orthopaedic Surgeon?

An orthopaedist is an expert in the orthopaedic field, focusing on diagnosing and treating musculoskeletal issues. They employ both surgical and nonsurgical methods to address a wide range of issues including sports injuries, joint pain, and back problems. Thus, the medical professionals that opt for surgical solutions are known as orthopaedic surgeons. 

Orthopaedics is a specialised field that requires additional training beyond medical school. Numerous orthopaedic surgeons choose to specialise in particular regions of the body or subspecialties. 

Types of Orthopaedic Surgeons

Orthopaedic medicine offers a diverse range of specialisations that go beyond general surgery. A few of these include:

1. Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon

A paediatric orthopaedic surgeon is a highly skilled and experienced doctor who assesses and addresses a growing child's musculoskeletal issues, from a newborn to adolescent.

These include congenital or acquired limb and spine deformities (such as clubfoot, scoliosis, and differences in limb length), gait abnormalities leading to limping, fractures, ligament tears (such as anterior cruciate ligament injuries and rotator cuff tears), tendinitis, bursitis, and infections affecting bones, joints, and muscles. 

2. Sports Orthopaedic Surgeons

A sports orthopaedic surgeon specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal injuries and conditions related to physical activity and sports. They provide comprehensive care to athletes and individuals participating in sports or physically demanding activities. 

Common Procedures

Orthopaedic surgeons perform a variety of common procedures, some of which include:

Arthroscopic Surgery:

This surgery a minimally invasive procedure for diagnosing and treating joint issues. This is done so by inserting a small arthroscope into the affected joint, and this gives the surgeon a visual perspective on the joint's interior via a video monitor. Recovery from arthroscopic surgery can span from one week to several months.

Bone Grafting Surgery:

These are employed to enhance bone regeneration in situations where the body is unable to generate adequate new bone on its own.

In bone grafting surgery, the bone is utilised from the individual's own body or from a donor source to repair the afflicted bones. 

Fracture Repair Surgery:

This surgery is suggested in cases where a bone is severely fractured, and it is done so to restore the bone's original anatomy. Post the surgery, orthopaedic surgeons generally recommend exercises to combat the temporary reduction of muscle strength and range of motion.

Total Joint Replacement:

Total joint replacement, also known as arthroplasty, involves the removal of deteriorated joint surfaces and their replacement with prosthetic components that emulate the functions of a healthy joint. Following a successful total joint replacement, individuals often experience improved functionality, enabling them to engage in daily activities more easily and efficiently.

Spinal Fusion:

In this surgery, an orthopaedic surgeon addresses spine-related issues by fusing two or more vertebrae. This corrective procedure facilitates the healing process, enabling the fused vertebrae to unite into a single, solid bone structure. It is commonly performed for scoliosis, injuries affecting the vertebrae or intervertebral disks and other back and neck conditions.

When You Need a Consultation

One should consider seeing an orthopaedic doctor if there is persistent or recurring pain, swelling, or limited mobility in a bone, joint, or muscle. Additionally, if there is exists a difficulty in performing daily activities or an experience of nerve-related symptoms like numbness or tingling, seeking the expertise of an orthopaedic specialist is advisable.

Orthopaedic surgeons are particularly helpful for serious injuries, aiding in recovery and preventing future injuries. Many also seek their assistance for chronic aches, pains, or loss of mobility, which can arise from old injuries or develop over time. Conditions such as arthritis, bursitis, chronic muscle and joint pain, benign and malignant tumours (including bone sarcomas and metastatic tumours), and bone-weakening blood cancers like multiple myeloma are also addressed by orthopaedic surgeons.

Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Gurgaon

An essential step in preparing for orthopaedic surgery is the selection of a highly skilled and accredited surgeon affiliated with a reputable organisation. This decision is crucial to ensure a successful surgical result and the best care. You can find a qualified and reliable surgeon at Six Sigma Clinics, Gurgaon, for the finest orthopaedic care!

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